"In recent years, China's economy has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage, showing a series of new characteristics. The traditional growth model has been difficult to adapt to the new normal of economic development. It is urgent to change the development mode and accelerate the transformation and upgrading. This is China. The fundamental reason for promoting the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry.” Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, stressed at the China Development Forum on March 25 that the high-quality development of manufacturing should be placed in a more prominent position, and four efforts and two efforts should be proposed. Key work.
"China has become a major manufacturing power with great influence," said Miao Wei. The development of China's manufacturing industry has supported China's industrialization and modernization process, laying a solid material foundation for 1.4 billion people to get rid of poverty and move toward a well-off society. It also provides a large number of inexpensive industrial products for the people of all countries, providing enterprises and enterprises with great opportunities for business and investment, and has made important contributions to the growth of the world economy.
He said that to promote high-quality economic development, we must focus on promoting the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure, and make the real economy a reality, stronger, and better, specifically to the manufacturing industry mainly from four aspects.
First, to enhance the technological innovation capability of manufacturing industry, further deepen the reform of the science and technology system, improve the integration mechanism of production, education and research with enterprises as the main body, and support the construction of an open, collaborative and efficient common technology research and development platform, from laboratory products to industrialization. The Valley of Death. At the same time, give full play to the role of SMEs in the innovation and vitality of the SMEs, support the development of SMEs in the direction of "specialization and specialization", and promote the development of large and medium-sized enterprises.
The second is to speed up the optimization and upgrading of the manufacturing structure, adhere to the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and focus on the cultivation of emerging industries, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing to high-end, intelligent, green and service, and promote the transformation of new and old kinetic energy.
Miao Wei said: "To avoid falling into a misunderstanding, we cannot simply understand 'new kinetic energy' as cultivating and developing emerging industries." In fact, the use of new technologies, new formats, and new models to transform and upgrade traditional industries is also a new kinetic energy. In the manufacturing industry in China, the proportion of traditional industries exceeds 80%, and the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries has great potential and market space. ”
He pointed out that China will continue to deepen the supply-side structural reforms, accelerate the disposal of "zombie enterprises", increase manufacturing technological transformation and equipment renewal, and vigorously cultivate and develop new industries such as new energy vehicles, new materials and artificial intelligence, and foster development. A group of advanced manufacturing clusters to upgrade the level of the industrial chain.
The third is to promote the integration and development of advanced manufacturing and modern service industries. At present, a prominent feature of global industrial development is the parallelization of specialized division of labor and industrial integration, especially the digital economy and intelligent economy characterized by the integration of information and communication technology and manufacturing.
Miao said frankly that this is a very challenging job, but the direction of integration development has become a consensus. "We will encourage enterprises to carry out more explorations in this area, and combine the business characteristics of enterprises to develop new formats and new models such as networked collaborative R&D and manufacturing, large-scale personalized customization, and cloud manufacturing, extending online design, data analysis, and intelligence. Value-added services such as logistics and remote operation and maintenance will improve the level of integration and development of advanced manufacturing and modern service industries.” The fourth is to create a favorable environment conducive to the high-quality development of manufacturing. “The investment environment is like the air, and the fresh air can attract more foreign capital.” Miao Wei said that in the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the development environment of China's manufacturing industry has been continuously improved and optimized. In the latest business environment report released by the World Bank, China The global ranking jumped from 78th to 46th, and entered the top 50 for the first time.
This year's government work report released a series of policy red envelopes, many of which are conducive to the development of the manufacturing industry. For example, the manufacturing VAT rate has dropped from 16% to 13%, and the deduction policy for corporate R&D expenses applies to all enterprises. Reduce the electricity price of general industrial and commercial enterprises by 10%.
Miao Wei revealed that in the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will implement various policy arrangements for tax reduction and fee reduction, continuously reduce various institutional transaction costs, improve intellectual property protection, enhance the ability of financial services to the real economy, and establish fair, open and transparent Market rules and the rule of law to promote the business environment, let China continue to become a hot spot for investment and development of enterprises in various countries.
“To accomplish the key tasks of promoting high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, we must also do two more basic and more critical tasks,” he said.
The first is to deepen reform and realize the high-quality development of manufacturing by exerting the decisive role of the market mechanism. The market mechanism is the most efficient means of resource allocation. One of the important experiences in the past 40 years of reform and opening up is to handle the relationship between the government and the market on the premise of adhering to the direction of market-oriented reform. The government complements the position and not offside. China will adhere to the principle of corporate main body and competitive neutrality, promote the transformation of industrial policy from differentiated selection to generalized function, focus on reducing direct government intervention in micro-management, and enable market mechanisms to efficiently allocate resource elements and achieve high manufacturing. Quality development.
The second is open cooperation to promote the high-quality development of manufacturing by creating a high-level open economy. Miao Wei said, "We will comprehensively liberalize the general manufacturing industry on the basis of implementing the existing open policies, comprehensively promote the pre-entry national treatment plus negative list system, and create a favorable environment for all enterprises to participate in market competition on an equal footing. Attracting more companies to invest and conduct business in China.” Taking the automobile industry as an example, China has formulated a timetable for the expansion and opening up of the automobile industry, further reducing the tariffs on imported vehicles and expanding the opening up is unprecedented.
Miao Wei finally stressed that the high-quality development of China's manufacturing industry will provide new and greater development opportunities for enterprises from all countries and will make greater contributions to world economic growth. China welcomes and supports more countries, enterprises and institutions to participate in the wave of development of China's manufacturing industry. China will create a fair, transparent, stable and predictable investment environment with a more open spirit and a more pragmatic style, and promote the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry in a comprehensive open pattern.