CNC Vertical machine center and CNC Horizontal Machine Center are common categories of machining centers. The basic functions of vertical and horizontal are similar, and they are mainly milling. However, there are differences between the two. Many customers and friends do not know how to compare and make a selection when purchasing. Don't worry, next SHANDONG ALLES ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD will introduce you the difference between the two, and hope to help you choose a better model.
Difference 1: Spindle structure
The spindle of CNC Vertical machine center is vertical.
The spindle of the CNC Horizontal Machine Center is horizontal.
Difference 2: Column structure
The vertical column of the CNC Vertical machine center generally does not move, and it is generally made as thick as possible in order to pursue rigidity. There is also a moving column type CNC Vertical machine center. The moving column CNC Vertical machine center table only performs X or Y direction movement, and the column correspondingly performs Y or X direction movement. This design method has greater power requirements for the driving motor of the column. .
The columns of the CNC Horizontal Machine Center must be moving columns. The positive T-shaped CNC Horizontal Machine Center columns move in the X direction, and the inverted T-shaped CNC Horizontal Machine Center columns move in the Z direction. The structure of a mobile column requires that the column be as lightweight as possible on the premise of meeting rigidity. Foreign machining centers often use steel plate welding structures to solve such problems.
Difference 3: Operation
The CNC Vertical machine center is convenient for clamping, easy to operate, easy to observe the processing situation, and easy to debug the program.
The workpieces processed by CNC Horizontal Machine Center are generally relatively large, have a high degree of integration, are difficult to clamp, it is not easy to monitor the processing process, and it is relatively difficult to operate and debug.
Difference 4: Workbench
The CNC Vertical machine center table is generally a T-slot table with a cross slide structure. There are two sets of motion mechanisms responsible for the table movement in the vertical direction. The X-feed table is covered by the Y-feed guide. on.
The CNC Horizontal Machine Center's workbench only performs X or Y direction movement. The worktable is generally a rotary worktable with a dot matrix screw table, and it is relatively easy to choose an exchangeable double worktable.
Difference 5: Chip removal during processing
When CNC Vertical machine center is used to process the cavity or the concave profile, chips are not easy to be discharged. In severe cases, the tool will be damaged, the processed surface will be damaged, and the smooth processing will be affected. Chenghai NC reminds you to pay special attention to the installation of tools and the clamping of workpieces.
Chip removal is easy during CNC Horizontal Machine Center machining, and the machining condition is relatively ideal.
Difference 6: Processing object
This point is a concern for customers and friends received by ALLES CNC when purchasing. The CNC Vertical machine center is limited by the height of the column and the tool changing device. It cannot process parts that are too high. The volume of the workpiece is relatively small. If you want to realize the side processing of the workpiece, you must install an angle head or a CNC turntable. If a rotary table is installed on the table to rotate along the horizontal axis, it can be used to process spiral parts.
The CNC Horizontal Machine Center can complete the processing of the other four surfaces except the mounting surface and the top surface after one clamping. It is most suitable for processing box-like parts. The pentahedron processing can be achieved by installing an angle head.
The above is the basic distinction between CNC Vertical machine center and CNC Horizontal Machine Center. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us. SHANDONG ALLES ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD will answer your questions wholeheartedly. If you have purchase requirements for these two models, we recommend that you choose ALLES CNC. We always aim at "making the most cost-effective machine tool in China and serving the world".
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