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Can Shared Manufacturing Become A Reality

Nov 21, 2019

What is shared manufacturing? Simply speaking, shared manufacturing is a manufacturing model based on the shared economy, which matches and shares the idle resources of manufacturing.


For example, small businesses can't afford high-value production equipment, just as large enterprises' equipment is in idle, so large companies open their equipment to small businesses, which is shared manufacturing.

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Of course, shared manufacturing is not limited to this one model. Shared manufacturing is divided into three main content:


The first is the sharing of manufacturing capabilities, mainly including the sharing of manufacturing resources such as production equipment, special tools, and production lines.


The second is the sharing of innovation capabilities, including the sharing of intellectual resources such as product design and development capabilities, as well as the sharing of scientific research equipment and experimental capabilities.


The third is the sharing of service capabilities, mainly around the sharing of common service needs common in enterprises such as logistics warehousing, product testing, equipment maintenance, inspection and inspection, supply chain management, data storage and analysis.


The sharing of production equipment between companies that we just talked about refers to the sharing of manufacturing capabilities.


For example, the open source of the industrial Internet is the sharing of innovation capabilities.


For another example, the cloud computing concept of “distributing resources centrally and centralizing resource decentralized services” is the sharing of service capabilities.


In short, shared manufacturing is to achieve a rationalization and efficiency of supply and demand matching of idle equipment, technology and talents in the manufacturing industry by breaking industry barriers and opening up information asymmetry in the industry.


The advantages of such a model are also obvious.


First, because it uses idle resources, it reduces idle capacity, can effectively use production resources, and optimizes resource allocation.


Secondly, it reduces the production and transaction costs of SMEs, promotes the specialization, standardization and quality development of SMEs, and enhances the competitiveness of enterprises.


Finally, it is conducive to improving the flexibility and flexibility of industrial organizations, promoting the development of large and medium-sized enterprises, promoting product manufacturing to service extension, upgrading the level of the industrial chain, and accelerating the move to the high end of the global value chain.


At present, China has already had many successful examples in shared manufacturing.


For example, the “shared factory” in Yanluo Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen, is a group of small and micro enterprises and makers and craftsmen who combine “mixed manufacturing” in the name of “shared manufacturing”, sharing plant, equipment, raw materials, orders and even workers. In the past three years, this model has not only brought back a group of small and micro enterprises that are on the verge of bankruptcy, but also achieved a significant reduction in personnel and a significant increase in profits, showing a tenacious vitality.


Of course, this successful case is only a small scope. Although there are many advantages in shared manufacturing, there are still many problems in realizing large-scale implementation.


At present, many enterprises and institutions with idle production resources or scientific research equipment are not willing to open and share with SMEs due to institutional and institutional reasons. Under the traditional manufacturing mode, a standard trust system with a physical factory as the core has been formed, and the shared manufacturing model is still not perfect in terms of credit evaluation, product standards, and production specifications due to its multi-agent synergy and virtualized manufacturing.


At the same time, quite a few enterprises and departments have insufficient understanding of manufacturing capacity sharing. Some enterprises do not understand the sharing of capacity. They often regard the Internet platform as a simple trading platform, which leads to insufficient endogenous motivation for enterprises to participate in capacity sharing.


Therefore, there is still a long way to go to truly realize shared manufacturing. In this regard, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology pointed out in the opinion that the realization of shared manufacturing should proceed from four aspects: platform, cluster, ecology and foundation:


1. Cultivate a shared manufacturing platform, actively promote platform construction, encourage platform innovation and application, and promote platform evolution and upgrading;


Second, relying on industrial clusters to develop and share manufacturing, explore the construction of shared factories, support the development of public technology centers, and actively promote the sharing of service capabilities;


Third, improve the shared manufacturing development ecology, innovate resource sharing mechanisms, promote the construction of credit systems, and optimize and improve the standard system;


Fourth, consolidate the digital foundation of manufacturing development, enhance the digital level of enterprises, promote the construction of new infrastructure, and strengthen network security.

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